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Water

Three ways we affect water are when used in operations, discharges, and that, may be affected by nutrient use in fields.

waterWe use water in the production and manufacturing of our products. Where possible, we work to recycle and reuse it, including at some of our locations where we use wastewater from municipal treatment plants as process cooling substance. Some locations recycle water numerous times in a closed-loop system. Some cooling water, along with some surface runoff water, is collected in on-site ponds.

We are working with the communities where we have operations to become more efficient in water use. We also work with provincial and local governments to develop new uses and discharge standards for the Industrial area, where our production facilities are located.

Keywords: Water is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H2O. A water molecule contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms that are connected by covalent bonds. Water is a liquid at standard ambient temperature and pressure, but it often co-exists on Earth with its solid state, ice, and gaseous state, steam (water vapor).

Water covers 71% of the Earth’s surface. It is vital for all known forms of life. On Earth, 96.5% of the planet’s water is found in seas and oceans, 1.7% in groundwater, 1.7% in glaciers and the ice caps of Antarctica and Greenland, a small fraction in other large water bodies, and 0.001% in the air as vapor, clouds (formed of solid and liquid water particles suspended in air), and precipitation. Only 2.5% of the Earth’s water is freshwater, and 98.8% of that water is in ice and groundwater. Less than 0.3% of all freshwater is in rivers, lakes, and the atmosphere, and an even smaller amount of the Earth’s freshwater (0.003%) is contained within biological bodies and manufactured products.

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