Saosis Vermicompost is made by the process of composting using special earthworms species. These special earthworms help to create a heterogeneous mixture of decomposing vegetable, food waste, bedding materials and vermicast. Some times Vermicast also called as worm casting, worm manure, which is the end product of the breakdown of organic matter by an earthworm.
Saosis Vermicompost have been shown to contain reduced levels of contaminants and a higher saturation of nutrients than do organic materials before composting. Vermicompost is an excellent source of nutrient-rich organic fertilizer, soil conditioner and water-soluble nutrients. The process by which Saosis Vermicompost is made is known as Vermicomposting.
Saosis Vermicompost has been known to be richer in plant nutrients than compost produced by other composting methods. It also has outperformed a commercial plant medium with nutrients added, but needed adjustment for magnesium and pH. It is rich in microbial life which converts nutrients already present in the soil into plant-available forms.
Unlike other compost, worm castings present in Saosis compost also contain worm mucus which helps prevent nutrients from washing away with the first watering and holds moisture better than plain soil.
Benefits of Saosis Vermi compost:
- Improves soil aeration
- Enriches soil with micro-organisms (adding enzymes such as phosphatase and cellulase)
- Microbial activity in worm castings is 10 to 20 times higher than in the soil and organic matter that the worm ingests
- Attracts deep-burrowing earthworms already present in the soil
- Improves water holding capacity
Biological benefits of Saosis Vermicompost:
- Enhances germination, plant growth, and crop yield
- Improves root growth and structure
- Enriches soil with micro-organisms (adding plant hormones such as auxins and gibberellic acid)
Environmental benefits of Saosis Vermicompost:
- Helps to close the “metabolic gap” through recycling waste on-site
- Large systems often use temperature control and mechanized harvesting, however other equipment is relatively simple and does not wear out quickly
- Production reduces greenhouse gas emissions such as methane and nitric oxide (produced in landfills or incinerators when not composted or through methane harvest)
How to use Vermicompost as fertilizer ?
- Vermicompost can be mixed directly into the soil, or steeped in water and made into a worm tea by mixing some vermicompost in water, bubbling in oxygen with a small air pump, and steeping for a number of hours or days.
- The microbial activity of the compost is greater if it is aerated during this period. The resulting liquid is used as a fertilizer or sprayed on the plants.
- The dark brown waste liquid, or leachate, that drains into the bottom of some vermicomposting systems as water-rich foods break down, is best applied back to the bin when added moisture is needed due to the possibility of phytotoxin content and organic acids that may be toxic to plants.
- The pH, nutrient, and microbial content of these fertilizers varies upon the inputs fed to worms. Pulverized limestone, or calcium carbonate can be added to the system to raise the pH.